The Verb “Be”

The verb “be” takes on different forms in the present and past.

I
He
She
It
You
They
we

Present

am
is
is
is
are
are
are

Contraction

‘m
‘s
‘s
‘s
‘re
‘re
‘re

Past

was
was
was
was
were
were
were

The verb “be” indicates existence, temporary condition or permanent status.

It is really hot today.
Grady’s not here right now.
Greg and Tim are engineers.
Trudy was sick yesterday.
Hawaii is in the Pacific Ocean.

 

The base form is be, the past participle is been, and the –ing form is being

I’ll be back tomorrow.
He has been a doctor since 1998.
She is being nice today.

 

The verb “be” is also used in progressive tenses, passives and prepositional collocations:

Progressive tenses:

He is writing a letter to his brother.
Jeff was cleaning the house this morning.
The Holleys have been living there since April.

Passive voice:

The people were surprised by the news.
Craig was stopped by the policeman.

Prepositional collocations:

Tracy is fond of chocolates.
Cassie is not afraid of snakes.
I’m interested in making money.

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