Prepositions

Prepositionsindicate relationships between words or ideas. Most prepositions deal with location and are easy to learn.

aboveinside

beside

near

up

before*

with

into

between

like

despite

belowoutside

beyond

nearby

down

after*

without

out (of)

among

as

in spite of

overaround

behind

by

toward

during

within

off

except

than

beneath

underthrough

in front of

next to

along (side)

since*

until*

upon

but*

about

underneath

 

    *These can also be used as conjunctions.

Some prepositions, however, have more than one meaning and can be very confusing.

into onfrom atfor of

Generally, in, on and at indicate location. See also: Prepositions of Location

To and from imply movement toward or away from something. However, to can also function as part of an infinitive. See also: Infinitives.

To and for can introduce indirect objects. See also: Indirect Objects

For and since can also indicate duration. See also: Present Perfect Progessive

Of is used in partitives (all of, some of . . .) and other expressions. See also: Quantifiers

Many prepositions are also used in expressions. See also: Grammar: Preposition Collocations with “Be”; Verb and Preposition Collocations

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