Explanation Text

Explanation text is a text genre which tries to explain how a thing happens or why the thing is made. explanation text actually is similar to procedure text, however, explanation text tends to explain. While the procedure text is intended to instruct how to form or make something

Social Function:

To explain the processes involved in the formation or working of natural or sociocultural phenomena.

Generic Structure

  • A general statement to position the reader
  • A sequenced explanation of why or how something occurs.

Significant Lexicogrammatical Features

  • Focus on generic, non-human Participants
  • Use mainly of Material Processes and Relational Processes
  • Use mainly of Temporal and causal Circumstances and Conjunctions

Bellow are some examples of explanation text which are grouped into several topics. This list of links relating to explanation text hopefully helps students to get more understanding about text genres, especially an explanation text.

Explanation texts about food
How a chocolate is made

Explanation texts about toy play
How a kite flies

Explanation texts about natural phenomena:
How a tsunami happens
How a Venus eclipse happens
How an earthquake happens
How rain happens
How seasons happen
How day and night happens
Why daylight in summer is longer than in winter

Explanation texts about technology
How a cell phone works
How a fuel light works

Explanation texts about monumental things
How roman roads were built
Why Eiffel tower was built

Explanation texts about diseases
How a cancer is formed


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