Descriptive Texts

The Definition and Purpose of Descriptive Text:
1.To represent, in a words, particular person, place or things.
2.Descriptive text is texts which say what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.

Tujuan Komunikatif Deskripsi: menggambarkan/mendeskripsikan ciri-ciri seseorang,benda atau tempat tertentu, misalnya berasal dari mana, warnanya, ukurannya, kesukaannya dsb. Deskripsi ini hanya memberikan informasi mengenai benda atau orang tertentu yang sedang dibahas saja, misalnya deskripsi tentang ‘My Dog’. Ciri-ciri ‘anjing saya’ tersebut dapat berbeda dengan anjing yang lain.

The Generic Structure of Descriptive Text as below:
Identification : identifying the phenomenon to be described or identifies object to be described
Description : describing the phenomenon in parts, qualities, or/and characteristics.

Struktur Teks:
-Pengenalan subjek (benda, orang atau sesuatu yang akan dideskripsikan).
-ciri-ciri Subjek (seseorang, suatu benda atau tempat tertentu).

The Language Feature of Descriptive Text (Ciri kebahasaan):
– Nouns misalnya: teacher, house, my cat, my bag dsb.
– Simple present tense
– Using attributive and identifying process.
– Using adjective yang bersifat describing, numbering classifying or classifiers in nominal group. Misalnya : two strong legs, sharp white fang dsb.
– Detiled noun phrase (untuk memberikan informasi tentang subjek misalnya: It was a large open rowboat, a sweet young lady, dsb).
– verb (untuk memberikan informasi tentang subjek, misalnya ; my mum is realy cool, it has very tick fur, dsb).
– Thinking verb and feeling verbs (untuk mengungkapkan pandangan pribadi penulis tentang subjek, misalnya : police belive the suspect is armed, I think it is the clever animal, dsb).
– Action verb, misalnya : our new puppy bite our shoes, dsb.
– Adverbials (untuk memberikan informasi tambahan tentang prilaku tersebut, misalnya fast at the tree house, dsb).
– Figurative language misalnya : simile, metafor . example: John is white a chalk, sat tigh.

Example Descritive text :

Borobudur Temple


Identification :
Borobudur is Hindu – Budhist temple. It was build in the nineth century under Sailendra dynasty of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.

Description;
Borobudur is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 m high and consist of eight step like stone terrace. The first five terrace are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Budist sculpture in bas-relief. The upper three are circular. Each of them is with a circle of bell shape-stupa. The entire adifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre at the centre of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and starways. The design of borobudur which symbolizes the structure of universe influences temples at Angkor,Cambodia. Borobudur temple which is rededicated as an Indonesian monument in 1983 is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people.

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